Understanding Rust Error E0743

Introduction to Rust Error E0743

Rust Error E0743 occurs when a C-variadic type is nested inside another type, which is not allowed. Only foreign functions can use the C-variadic type, and it must be non-nested.

Erroneous Code Example

fn main() {
    fn foo2(x: u8, y: &...) {} // error!

In this example, the C-variadic type '...' is nested inside the reference '&...', which results in the E0743 error.

C-variadic Type Usage

C-variadic types are used to give an undefined number of parameters to a function, like 'printf' in C. The Rust equivalent of using C-variadic types would be to use macros directly, such as 'println!'.

Foreign Function Interface (FFI)

The Foreign Function Interface (FFI) in Rust allows you to call functions written in other languages, such as C. When working with C-variadic types, you should use FFI with the 'extern' keyword, which allows you to define an external function that takes a C-variadic type.

FFI Example

extern "C" {
    fn printf(format: *const i8, ...) -> i32;

fn main() {
    let fmt = b"Hello, %s!\n";
    let name = b"Rust";
    unsafe {
        printf(fmt.as_ptr() as *const i8, name.as_ptr() as *const i8);

In this example, the 'printf' function from C is called using Rust's FFI. The C-variadic type '...' is used directly with the foreign function, which is allowed in Rust.


To fix Rust Error E0743, make sure not to nest C-variadic types within other types. Instead, use FFI with the 'extern' keyword to define an external function that accepts a C-variadic type, or use Rust macros to handle a dynamic number of arguments.